Who Developed Standard Precautions?

What are the 4 main universal precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes..

What are the 5 basic principles of infection control?

Introduction.The general principles of infection prevention and control.Hand hygiene.Using personal protective equipment.Safe handling and disposal of sharps.Safe handling and disposal of chemical waste.Managing blood and bodily fluids.

What is true about standard precautions?

Infection control principles and practices for local health agencies. Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

What PPE is used for airborne precautions?

A particulate respirator must be worn by anyone entering the patient’s room that is on airborne precautions. This may be an N95 respirator or powered air purifying respirator or PAPR. Respirators are specifically designed to provide respiratory protection by efficiently filtering out airborne particles.

What is the PPE for contact precautions?

Use of PPE for Expanded PrecautionsContact Precautions – Gown and gloves for contact with patient or environment of care (e.g., medical equipment, environmental surfaces)Droplet Precautions – Surgical masks within 3 feet of patient.Airborne Infection Isolation – Particulate respirator*

Who developed standard precautions quizlet?

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) developed a list of standard precautions that should be used for all patients, regardless of their type of sickness.

What is the difference between universal and standard precautions?

In 1996, the CDC expanded the concept and changed the term to standard precautions, which integrated and expanded the elements of universal precautions to include contact with all body fluids (except sweat), regardless of whether blood is present.

What are airborne precautions?

Airborne Precautions refer to infection prevention and control interventions to be used in addition to Routine Practices. Airborne Precautions are used for diseases that are spread by airborne transmission.

What is the best way to prevent the spread of infection?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

What are the 5 universal precautions?

5 Steps of Universal PrecautionsEducation.Hand washing.Use of protective barriers (Personal Protective Equipment (PPE))Cleaning of contaminated surfaces.Safe handling/disposal of contaminated material.

What are contact precautions?

Contact Precautions refer to infection prevention and control interventions to be used in addition to Routine Practices and are intended to prevent transmission of infectious agents, including epidemiologically important microorganisms, which are spread by direct or indirect contact.

Why did CDC create standard precautions?

Standard precautions are used for all patient care. They’re based on a risk assessment and make use of common sense practices and personal protective equipment use that protect healthcare providers from infection and prevent the spread of infection from patient to patient.

WHO infection control standard precautions?

Standard precautions consist of the following practices:hand hygiene before and after all patient contact.the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection.the safe use and disposal of sharps.More items…

What are the CDC standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

When should standard precautions be used?

Healthcare workers must use standard precautions: when caring for all patients, regardless of the patient’s perceived or actual infectious status. when handling blood and/or all other body substances, secretions and excretions (excluding sweat), non-intact skin or mucous membranes.

What are the 3 levels of infection control?

7 Decontamination: the total process used to remove organic matter and micro- organisms from an item and render it safe for use. There are three levels of decontamination: cleaning, disinfection and sterilization.

What two reasons were standard precautions created for?

Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.

What are the 9 key areas that define standard precautions?

8.1 Standard precautionshand hygiene and cough etiquette.the use of personal protective equipment (PPE)the safe use and disposal of sharps.routine environmental cleaning.incorporation of safe practices for handling blood, body fluids and secretions as well as excretions [91].

What are 3 types of isolation precautions?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions–contact, droplet, and airborne – the type used depends on the mode of transmission of a specific disease.