What Are 5 Genetic Diseases?

What race has the most genetic disorders?

More than 133 million American (45% of the population)have one or more chronic diseases.

Racial/ethnic minorities are 1.5 to 2.0 times more likely than whites to have most of the major chronic diseases..

What are the worst genetic diseases?

The Top 10 Worst Hereditary ConditionsAlcoholism. (Image credit: Gregor Buir / Stock.XCHNG) … Breast Cancer. (Image credit: Dreamstime.com) … Color Blindness. (Image credit: Hannah Boettcher / Stock.XCHNG) … Bullying. (Image credit: Miguel Ugalde / Stock.XCHNG) … Obesity. (Image credit: Stockxpert) … Heart Disease. (Image credit: Dreamstime.com) … Having Twins. … Acne.More items…•

What are the 4 types of genetic disorders?

Four of the main types are:Single-gene inheritance diseases.Multifactorial genetic inheritance disorders.Chromosome abnormalities.Mitochondrial genetic inheritance disorders.

What are the 3 types of genetic disorders?

There are three types of genetic disorders:Single-gene disorders, where a mutation affects one gene. Sickle cell anemia is an example.Chromosomal disorders, where chromosomes (or parts of chromosomes) are missing or changed. … Complex disorders, where there are mutations in two or more genes.

What is the most common genetic disease in the US?

Sickle cell disease is the most common inherited blood disorder in the United States, affecting around 100,000 Americans, most commonly in African Americans. There is a 25% chance that a child will be born with sickle cell disease if both parents have the defective gene.

What is the most rare genetic disorder?

According to the Journal of Molecular Medicine, Ribose-5 phosphate isomerase deficiency, or RPI Deficinecy, is the rarest disease in the world with MRI and DNA analysis providing only one case in history.