Quick Answer: What Can Be Mistaken For Meningitis?

What can mimic meningitis symptoms?

The most common alternative etiologies that mimic viral meningitis are: erhlichiosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Kawasaki disease, and Lyme meningitis.

Other conditions sharing some of these symptoms are: drug-associated aseptic meningitis, central nervous system vasculitis, neoplastic diseases..

Can meningitis be misdiagnosed?

Missed Diagnosis of Meningitis In people of all ages, bacterial meningitis can be misdiagnosed as viral meningitis or even strep throat, which causes a delay in the appropriate treatment. Diagnosis might be delayed due to a failure to recognize symptoms or order the appropriate diagnostic tests.

How can you tell meningitis types?

Meningitis is usually caused by viruses or bacteria. Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis, followed by bacterial meningitis. Rarer types of meningitis include chemical and fungal meningitis. The most common types of bacterial meningitis are meningococcal, pneumococcal, TB, group B streptococcal and E.

How long do you stay in hospital with meningitis?

People with meningitis may need to stay in hospital for a few days, and in certain cases treatment may be needed for several weeks. Even after going home, it may be a while before you feel completely back to normal.

How do you rule out meningitis?

For a definitive diagnosis of meningitis, you’ll need a spinal tap to collect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). In people with meningitis, the CSF often shows a low sugar (glucose) level along with an increased white blood cell count and increased protein.

How can you test for meningitis at home?

The meningitis glass testPress the side of a clear glass firmly against the skin.Spots/rash may fade at first.Keep checking.Fever with spots/rash that do not fade under pressure is a medical emergency.Do not wait for a rash. If someone is ill and getting worse, get medical help immediately.

What is the rarest form of meningitis?

A parasite called Naegleria fowleri is the source for primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM), a very rare type of parasitic meningitis. This form of the disease causes a brain infection that progresses rapidly — one to 12 days on average, Cathey says — and is usually fatal.

Is it possible to have a mild case of meningitis?

Viral meningitis is usually mild and often clears on its own. Most cases in the United States are caused by a group of viruses known as enteroviruses, which are most common in late summer and early fall. Viruses such as herpes simplex virus, HIV , mumps virus, West Nile virus and others also can cause viral meningitis.

What are the symptoms of meningitis in adults?

Symptoms of meningitisa high temperature (fever) of 38C or above.being sick.a headache.a rash that does not fade when a glass is rolled over it (but a rash will not always develop)a stiff neck.a dislike of bright lights.drowsiness or unresponsiveness.seizures (fits)

What organs are affected by meningitis?

Meningitis is an infection of the membranes (meninges) that protect the spinal cord and brain. When the membranes become infected, they swell and press on the spinal cord or brain. This can cause life-threatening problems. Meningitis symptoms strike suddenly and worsen quickly.

What do meningitis bumps look like?

It leads to broken blood vessels, and they can resemble a rash, which doctors call a petechial rash. In babies and adults, a meningitis rash may look like the following: tiny red, pink, brown, or purple pinprick marks (petechiae) on the skin. purple bruise-like marks.

How long can Meningitis go untreated?

Once diagnosed by a medical professional, most cases of viral meningitis can be recovered from at home with rest and painkillers. Bacterial meningitis – bacterial meningitis has a sudden onset, and can cause serious health problems, or even death, within 24 hours if left untreated.

What disease is similar to meningitis?

Other viruses that cause meningitis include varicella zoster (the virus that causes chicken pox and can appear decades later as shingles), influenza, mumps, HIV, and herpes simplex type 2 (genital herpes).

How long can you have meningitis without knowing?

Symptoms of bacterial meningitis can appear quickly or over several days. Typically they develop within 3 to 7 days after exposure. Later symptoms of bacterial meningitis can be very serious (e.g., seizures, coma). For this reason, anyone who thinks they may have meningitis should see a doctor as soon as possible.

What part of neck hurts with meningitis?

A headache caused by meningitis is typically described as severe and unrelenting. It does not subside by taking an aspirin. Stiff neck. This symptom most commonly involves a reduced ability to flex the neck forward, also called nuchal rigidity.