Question: What Old Diseases Are Coming Back?

What are six killer diseases?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis..

What is the number one killer in the world?

Cardiovascular disease is the top cause of death globally.

Which disease is the biggest killer in the world?

The leading cause is cardiovascular disease at 31.59% of all deaths.

What was the worst outbreak in history?

The Worst Outbreaks in U.S. HistorySmallpox.Yellow fever.Cholera.Scarlet fever.Typhoid Mary.1918 H1N1.Diphtheria.Polio.More items…

What was the first pandemic?

The earliest recorded pandemic happened during the Peloponnesian War. After the disease passed through Libya, Ethiopia and Egypt, it crossed the Athenian walls as the Spartans laid siege. As much as two-thirds of the population died.

What disease no longer exists?

Two infectious diseases have successfully been eradicated: smallpox and rinderpest. There are also four ongoing programs, targeting poliomyelitis, yaws, dracunculiasis, and malaria.

What diseases have been cured in the last 100 years?

4 diseases that have been eliminated in the United States in the last 100 yearsPolio, measles, and rubella, have all been eliminated in the United States.Smallpox has also been eradicated worldwide.Vaccines have been instrumental in the elimination of these illnesses.

Why is tuberculosis making a comeback?

Tuberculosis is making a comeback worldwide—and is quickly becoming drug-resistant. Tuberculosis (TB), a curable disease, is rearing its ugly head again, and because it’s becoming resistant to antibiotics, it’s rapidly emerging as a major global threat.

What diseases have been cured?

To date, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared only 2 diseases officially eradicated: smallpox caused by variola virus (VARV) and rinderpest caused by the rinderpest virus (RPV).

What is the number 1 killer in the world?

Heart disease—most commonly caused by coronary artery and valvular diseases—is the #1 killer in the United States. It accounted for almost one-fourth of all registered deaths.

What is the oldest known disease?

Oldest infectious disease of humans. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) may well be the oldest pathogen to haveinfected humankind. Modern humans (or homo sapiens) emerged out of the “hominid” group almost two million years ago, and began wandering out of Africa about 70,000 years ago to populate the world.

What disease has no cure?

Some of the common medical conditions of people requiring care at the end of life include:cancer.dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease.advanced lung, heart, kidney and liver disease.stroke and other neurological diseases, including motor neurone disease and multiple sclerosis.Huntington’s disease.muscular dystrophy.More items…•

How many diseases have no cure?

As long as lawmakers avoid saying “cures,” that does not seem to be the case here. The focus is really on rare diseases, but a credible case can be made that there are at least 10,000 diseases in the world, though there is likely more. And there are a bit over 500 treatments.

What virus has been eradicated by vaccines?

Smallpox was a systemic disease, officially eradicated since 1979 (WHO), caused by infection with the Variola major virus, whose only reservoir was infected humans.

What are the 7 killer diseases?

Childhood mortality: six killer diseases and how to stop themPneumonia. Pneumonia, usually caused by a bacterial infection, is a disease in which the air sacs in the lungs become inflamed and fill up with fluid. … Diarrhoea. Diarrhoea is caused by an infection in the intestinal track. … Malaria. … Meningitis. … HIV. … Measles.

What was the last cured disease?

Smallpox: 200 years between vaccine and the disease eradication. The last recorded case of smallpox occurred in 1977 in Somalia. The disease was officially declared eradicated by the World Health Organization in 1980.

Which plague killed the most?

the Black DeathThe most fatal pandemic in recorded history was the Black Death (also known as The Plague), which killed an estimated 75–200 million people in the 14th century. The term was not used yet but was for later pandemics including the 1918 influenza pandemic (Spanish flu).

What was the first human virus?

The first human virus to be identified was the yellow fever virus. In 1881, Carlos Finlay (1833–1915), a Cuban physician, first conducted and published research that indicated that mosquitoes were carrying the cause of yellow fever, a theory proved in 1900 by commission headed by Walter Reed (1851–1902).