Question: What Are The Complications Of Parotitis?

What are the causes of parotitis?

Viral parotitis can be caused by paramyxovirus (mumps), Epstein-Barr virus, coxsackievirus, and influenza A and parainfluenza viruses.

Acute suppurative parotitis is generally caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus species, and rarely, gram-negative bacteria..

What is the treatment for Parotitis?

Most episodes of chronic parotitis are treated symptomatically. Sialogogues, local heat, gentle massage of the gland from posterior to anterior, and hydration provide variable symptomatic relief. When pus is expressed from the Stensen duct, culture and sensitivity studies guide antibiotic selection.

What are the symptoms of parotid gland infection?

Salivary infection symptoms can include:Pain, tenderness and redness.Hard swelling of the salivary gland and the tissues around it.Fever and chills.Drainage of infectious fluid from the gland.

What does Parotitis feel like?

Sore throat. Loss of appetite. Swelling of the parotid glands (the largest salivary glands, located between the ear and the jaw) Swelling of the temples or jaw (temporomandibular area)

How long does parotid gland infection last?

Sialadenitis. Symptoms usually begin to subside within 48 hours of treatment with antibiotics. Viral infections. With mumps, symptoms usually last about 10 days.

How is Parotitis diagnosed?

Physical examination of the parotid gland consists of visual examination for swelling and erythema of the overlying skin. The acutely inflamed gland is exquisitely tender, while the gland is usually nontender in chronic autoimmune parotitis.

How long is Parotitis contagious?

The infectious period is considered from 2 days before to 5 days after parotitis onset, although virus has been isolated from saliva as early as 7 days prior to and up to 9 days after parotitis onset.

How do you get rid of a swollen parotid gland?

massaging the affected gland. applying warm compresses to the affected gland. rinsing your mouth with warm salt water. sucking on sour lemons or sugar-free lemon candy to encourage saliva flow and reduce swelling.

How do you treat parotitis at home?

How can you care for yourself at home?Use an over-the-counter pain medicine if needed, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), or naproxen (Aleve). … Put an ice or heat pack (whichever feels better) on the swollen jaw for 10 to 20 minutes at a time. … Suck on ice chips or ice treats such as Popsicles.More items…

How do I know if my parotid gland is swollen?

If you have a parotid gland swelling, you may notice symptoms such as:Tender, painful lump in your cheek.Foul-tasting discharge from the duct into your mouth.Fever, chills and general weakness.Difficulty fully opening your mouth, speaking, chewing or swallowing.

Is mumps and Parotitis the same?

Acute viral parotitis (mumps): The most common viral cause of parotitis is mumps. Routine vaccinations have dropped the incidence of mumps to a very low level. Mumps resolves on its own in about ten days. A viral infection caused by Paramyxovirus, a single-stranded RNA virus.

Is Parotitis serious?

In some cases, parotitis can be a serious condition that should be immediately evaluated in an emergency setting.

Why is Parotitis so painful?

Infection. Acute parotitis is an extremely painful condition as the parotid gland is invested with a richly innervated fascia. It is most frequently caused by the mumps virus; it occurs commonly in children and is usually bilateral, although it may be unilateral.

What antibiotic is used for Parotitis?

For health care associated parotitis, broad spectrum antibiotics are recommended as mentioned in Table 3. Cefoxitin, imipenem, ertapenem, the combination of a penicillin plus beta-lactamase (amoxicillin/clavulanate, ampicillin/sulbactam) will provide adequate coverage.

Is parotid gland swelling serious?

If not treated, salivary gland infections can cause severe pain, high fevers, and abscess (pus collection). Infections. Viral infections such as mumps, flu, and others can cause swelling of the salivary glands. Swelling happens in parotid glands on both sides of the face, giving the appearance of “chipmunk cheeks.”

Will Parotitis go away?

Saliva then can’t flow normally from the parotid gland into your mouth. Salivary gland stones are the most common cause of this condition. Symptoms can include pain and swelling in the area around the back of your jaw. The condition often goes away on its own with little treatment.

Can dehydration cause parotid gland swelling?

Dehydration may lead to a salivary gland infection, too. When you get dehydrated, your saliva may become thick and flow more slowly than normal. That creates an environment where bacteria can thrive. Instead of a blocked gland or an infection, it’s also possible one of your salivary glands could be enlarged.

What causes a blocked parotid gland?

Parotid duct obstruction is most often caused by salivary gland stones. These are tiny stones made of calcium and other minerals. You’re more likely to have salivary gland stones if you: Have an infection in the parotid gland.