Question: Can A Viral Infection Cause Brain Damage?

What disease attacks the nerves?

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a rare neurological disorder in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks part of its peripheral nervous system—the network of nerves located outside of the brain and spinal cord..

What is the fastest way to get rid of a viral infection?

But you can find relief faster with these smart moves.Take it easy. When you’re sick, your body works hard to fight off that infection. … Go to bed. Curling up on the couch helps, but don’t stay up late watching TV. … Drink up. … Gargle with salt water. … Sip a hot beverage. … Have a spoonful of honey.

How long do viral infections last?

A viral infection usually lasts only a week or two. But when you’re feeling rotten, this can seem like a long time! Here are some tips to help ease symptoms and get better faster: Rest.

What are the long term effects of viral encephalitis?

Encephalitis can damage the brain and cause long-term problems including: memory problems. personality and behavioural changes. speech and language problems.

What infections can cause brain damage?

Bacterial meningitis can cause stroke, hearing loss, and permanent brain damage.Pneumococcal meningitis is the most common form of meningitis and is the most serious form of bacterial meningitis. … Meningococcal meningitis is caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitides.More items…

Can flu cause neurological problems?

Influenza can be associated with various neurologic problems: encephalopathy (a state of confusion), seizures, neuropathy, as well as others. These complications most frequently occur in children, although cases of neurologic illness associated with adult influenza certainly occur.

What virus attacks nervous system?

Viruses that infect the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) include herpesviruses (see also herpes simplex virus infections), arboviruses, coxsackieviruses, echoviruses, and enteroviruses.

How do u get a brain infection?

Bacteria and other infectious organisms can reach the brain and meninges in several ways: By being carried by the blood. By entering the brain directly from the outside (for example, through a skull fracture or during surgery on the brain) By spreading from nearby infected structures, such as the sinuses or middle ear.

What is the survival rate of encephalitis?

Some forms of encephalitis are more severe than others. For example, herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) has a mortality rate of up to 30% even with specific anti-viral treatment, and 70-80% without the treatment. When death happens it is usually because of the brain swelling as a result of its severe inflammation.

What are the symptoms of a brain infection?

Symptoms of a brain abscessheadache – which is often severe, located in a single section of the head and cannot be relieved with painkillers.changes in mental state – such as confusion or irritability.problems with nerve function – such as muscle weakness, slurred speech or paralysis on one side of the body.More items…

What viruses cause neurological problems?

Many viruses causing neurological disorders belong to the family of Adenoviridae, Arboviruses (arthropod-borne-virus), Arenaviridae, Herpesviridae, Picornaviridae, Paramyxoviridae as well as Togaviridae.

What is symptoms of viral infections?

Symptoms of viral infectionsFever.Muscle ache.Cough.Sore throat.Headache.

How do you fight a viral infection?

How are viral fevers treated?taking over-the-counter fever reducers, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, to reduce a fever and its symptoms.resting as much as possible.drinking plenty of fluids to stay hydrated and replenish fluids lost while sweating.More items…

How do you know your body is fighting an infection?

However, some general symptoms of a bacterial infection include: fever. feeling tired or fatigued. swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin.

Can a blood test detect brain infection?

Blood tests may show signs of infection such as elevated white blood cells. If your meningitis is complicated with sepsis (infection of the blood), your blood culture may show the type of bacteria causing the infection as well. Viral meningitis does not typically involve the blood and is not associated with sepsis.

Can a viral infection cause neurological symptoms?

Involvement of the brain is one of the most serious consequences of a viral infection. Many virus families have the ability to invade and replicate in brain tissue, but fortunately serious brain infections are rare. Clinically, neurological diseases caused by viruses can be divided into acute and chronic syndromes.

Can viral encephalitis cause brain damage?

Viral encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain caused by a virus. The most serious potential complication is permanent brain damage. Children aged under one year and adults aged over 55 years are at increased risk of life-threatening complications.

How long does it take to recover from viral encephalitis?

Recovery. The inflammation of the brain can last from a few days to two or three months. After this, most people find that they make their best recovery from their symptoms within two or three months.