How Do You Get Strep B?

Is Strep B an STD?

Group B Strep is not a sexually transmitted disease.

Most women carrying GBS will have no symptoms.

Carrying GBS is not harmful to you, but it can affect your baby around the time of birth.

GBS can occasionally cause serious infection in young babies and, very rarely, during pregnancy before labour..

How common is Strep B in pregnancy?

GBS affects about 1 in every 2,000 babies in the United States. Not every baby who is born to a mother who tests positive for GBS will become ill. Although GBS is rare in pregnant women, the outcome can be severe. As such, physicians include testing as a routine part of prenatal care.

Is GBS an STI?

Group B streptococcus (GBS) is one of the many bacteria that live in the body. It usually does not cause serious illness, and it is not a sexually transmitted infection (STI). Also, although the names are similar, GBS is different from group A streptococcus, the bacteria that causes “strep throat.”

How long is strep B contagious?

When you get infected, you typically start to show symptoms about 2 to 5 days after you were exposed to the bacteria. You can stay contagious for up to a month if you don’t get treated. Antibiotics can prevent the infection from spreading. People who take antibiotics stop being contagious after about 24 hours.

Can GBS come and go?

GBS bacteria may come and go in people’s bodies without symptoms. On average, about 1 in 20 non-pregnant adults with serious GBS infections die. The rate of serious group B strep disease increases with age: There are 10 cases in every 100,000 non-pregnant adults each year.

How did I get strep B?

The bacteria may have come from the mother during birth or from another source. Other people that live with someone who has GBS bacteria, including other children, are not at risk of getting sick.

Where does the bacteria streptococcus come from?

People may carry GAS in the throat or on the skin and not become ill. How are Group A Streptococci Spread? These bacteria are spread by direct contact with discharges from the nose and throat of infected people or by contact with infected wounds or sores on the skin.

Does group B strep need to be treated?

Doctors usually treat GBS disease with a type of antibiotic called beta-lactams, which includes penicillin and ampicillin. Sometimes people with soft tissue and bone infections may need additional treatment, such as surgery. Treatment will depend on the kind of infection caused by GBS bacteria.

Does group B strep cause discharge?

Even though health care providers do not widely recognize GBS vaginitis, GBS can cause yellow or green discharge as well as vaginal burning and/or irritation. These symptoms may be mistaken for a yeast infection or bacterial vaginosis.

What happens if strep B goes untreated?

If untreated, strep throat can cause complications, such as kidney inflammation or rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever can lead to painful and inflamed joints, a specific type of rash, or heart valve damage.

What causes group B strep in adults?

GBS infections in adults are usually skin and soft tissue infections (such as infection of skin ulcers caused by poor circulation and diabetes, or pressure sores in patients confined to bed), blood infections, pneumonia and urinary tract infections (such as kidney, bladder or prostate infections).

What causes Strep B in pregnancy?

How do people get group B strep? In newborns, group B Streptococcus infection is acquired through direct contact with the bacteria while in the uterus or during birth; thus, the gestational bacterial infection is transmitted from the colonized mother to her newborn.

Can I pass group B strep to my husband?

Many healthy people carry group B strep bacteria in their bodies. You might carry the bacteria in your body for a short time — it can come and go — or you might always have it. Group B strep bacteria aren’t sexually transmitted, and they’re not spread through food or water.

What happens if you test positive for group B strep?

If you have a positive GBS test and you do not have any symptoms or complications, the treatment is intravenous (IV) antibiotics at the beginning of labor or the rupture of membranes (when your water breaks). If you are allergic to penicillin, your doctor will give you a different antibiotic instead.

Does group B strep go away after birth?

Most babies who are treated for GBS do fine. But even with treatment, about 1 in 20 babies (5 percent) who have GBS die. Premature babies are more likely to die from GBS than full-term babies (born at 39 to 41 weeks of pregnancy). GBS infection may lead to health problems later in life.

What does it mean if you test positive for strep B while pregnant?

If you test positive for group B strep, it doesn’t mean that you’re ill or that your baby will be affected. It simply means you need treatment to prevent an infection in your baby. Talk with your health care provider about how you’ll incorporate your group B strep treatment into your labor plan.

When should I go to the hospital if im GBS positive?

Most providers will recommend if you are GBS positive to come to the hospital immediately after your water breaks, because GBS risk to the baby will go up the longer your water is broken. They will want to start you on antibiotics right away.